Lemon Mint/Purple Horse Mint/Lemon Bee Balm
Monarda citriodora (Lamiaceae)
A hardy annual or tender perennial native to the midwest and southern United States. A typical member of the Mint family with its distinctive square stems. Flowers are arranged in whorls stair-stepping up a single stem. Blooms are deep purple to lavender surrounded by colored bracts. Grows in various soil types and prefers full sunlight. Can tolerate very dry conditions. A stately plant excellent for cutting, grows well almost anywhere.
Uses: Decorative, culinary, medicinal.For drying. For fragrances and pot-pourris.
For tea. Lemon mint is said to have some medicinal properties.
Packet app. 100-150 seeds. Growers pack. 500-600 seeds
History: Mint is a sign of hospitality dating back to the Romans and Greeks.
Description: Smooth lemon scented mid-green leaves. Leaves are narrowly lanceolate to oblong and about 2 inches long. They are awn tipped with remotely serrate to nearly entire margins
Plant type: Annual
Hardiness: Hardiness zone 5-9
Height: 16-24 inches
Width: varies, spreading rapidly
Soil: rich, moist well drained soil with a pH of 6.0-7.0
Pests: Spider mites, looper, flea beetle, root borers, grasshopper, cutworm, root weevils, and aphids
Disease: verticillium wilt, mint rust and mint anthracnose
Cultivation: Can be sown from seed in flats or in the ground directly. Can be successfully propagated by cuttings: place cuttings in medium, keep moist, and transplant once the root system is well established. All mint can spread rather quickly by runners; either contain it in pots that are buried or give it a large area it may take over. Frequent cuttings or mowing of large plots will keep mints at their prettiest. In late fall cut back to the ground and mulch if winters are severe.